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dc.contributor.authorPISTOCCHI Albertoen_GB
dc.contributor.authorALAMO Carolinaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCASTRO-JIMENEZ Javieren_GB
dc.contributor.authorKATSOGIANNIS Athanasiosen_GB
dc.contributor.authorPONTES Saudadeen_GB
dc.contributor.authorUMLAUF Guntheren_GB
dc.contributor.authorVIZCAINO Pilaren_GB
dc.identifier.otherEUR 24266 ENen_GB
dc.identifier.otherOPOCE LB-NA-24266-EN-Cen_GB
dc.description.abstractChemical risk assessment always entails an evaluation of expected environmental concentrations of substances; these concentrations may be predicted using mathematical models or may be chosen on the basis of experimental observations and monitoring activities. The work discusses the usefulness and limitations in building compilations of published monitoring data by describing a feasibility study on polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs), for which observed concentration data were retrieved from scientific journal articles published between 2000 and 2009. These chemicals are typical POPs and are of constantly high concern for their potential adverse effects on human health and ecosystems. PCBs were mainly used by the power industry in electrical transformers, capacitors, hydraulic equipment, and as lubricants. PCDD/Fs are formed as unintentional by-products of chemical manufacturing and incineration processes, as well as natural processes such as volcanic eruptions, and biomass burning. Emissions from incineration of industrial wastes such as metal reclamation and domestic heating (especially in central Europe) are considered as current sources of PCDD/Fs to the environment. A database of published observed concentrations of PCBs and PCDD/Fs in air, soil sediments and water was built as described in details in the report. As continental scale assessment is aimed more at the evaluation of the regional distribution of contamination, we excluded from the database those measurements taken close to known PCB or PCCD/F pollution sources of exceptional entity such as waste incinerators or contaminated sites. After presenting and interpreting the results of the literature search, we critically examine the completeness and usability of this information, and the usefulness of data compilations in the framework of chemical risk assessment.en_GB
dc.description.sponsorshipJRC.H.5-Rural, water and ecosystem resourcesen_GB
dc.publisherPublications Office of the European Unionen_GB
dc.titleA Compilation of Europe-Wide Databases from Published Measurements of PCBs, Dioxins and Furansen_GB
dc.typeEUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reportsen_GB
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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