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|Title:||Distances Needed to Limit Cross-fertilization between GM and Conventional Maize in Europe|
|Authors:||RIESGO LAURA; AREAL FRANCISCO JOSÉ; SANVIDO Olivier; RODRIGUEZ CEREZO Emilio|
|Citation:||NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY vol. 28 no. 8 p. 780-782|
|Publisher:||NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||This letter shows that unnecessary large isolation distances may restrict farmers' freedom of choice to cultivate GM varieties given the particularities of European landscapes. For the first time we perform a statistical meta-analyses of over 1000 observations on maize gene flow in Europe. Taking into account the results obtained by several statistical approaches, we conclude that separation distances of 20-30 m are enough to keep out-crossing below legal thresholds (0.9 % in the EU). We conclude that mandatory distances established by some European countries (up to 800 m) may be disproportionate to the desired policy objective.|
|JRC Directorate:||Growth and Innovation|
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