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|Title:||A Methodology to Allow Comparison among Different Energy Systems|
|Publisher:||TU Delft Library Branches|
|Abstract:||The use of different systems for the generation, transmission and distribution of energy is at the base of any advanced society. They provide the basic resources for industrial production, transport and domestic needs. Thus, energy resources in terms of available fuels and reliable infrastructure are needed. On the other hand, they involve hazardous activities that pose a threat to public health and environment. During the last years a lot of attention has been paid by regulators, utilities, environmental groups and the general public to risk issues related to the use of the different types of energy systems across the different steps in their fuel and life cycle chains. At European level, the increasing intensity of external energy dependence (EU 27 energy dependence rate is 54% in 2006 in 2006 (Eurostat, 2008)) - partly from regions threatened by insecurity (Green Paper, 2006) - together with the recent instability of oil prices , call for the implementation of renewable and alternative energy systems. Europe is acting with an increasing involvement in energy issues. The European Community legislation in force concerning energy already consists of 350 acts (Directives, Regulations, Decisions, etc) (European Community Eur-Lex, 2008). A diversification of energy sources with the promotion of the development of new and sustainable energy technologies (e.g., Directive 2001/77/EC on the promotion of the electricity produces from renewable energy sources in the internal electricity market, and Directive 2004/8/EC on the promotion of cogeneration based on a useful heat demand in the internal energy market), is necessary to increase security and stability of energy supply to customers. Anyhow, action is urgent: it takes many years to bring innovation on streams in the energy sector. Promotion of energy diversity - type, country of origin and transit - must be continuous. This approach will create the conditions for growth, jobs, greater security and a better environment. Work has been progressing on these issues since the Commission's 2000 Green Paper on Security of Energy Supply, but given recent developments on energy markets, a new European impetus is needed.|
|JRC Directorate:||Energy, Transport and Climate|
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