Title: Modelling Uncertainty in Watershed Divides from SRTM and GDEM
Authors: POGGIO LauraSOILLE Pierre
Citation: Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium on Spatial Accuracy Assessment in Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences p. 417-419
Publisher: International Spatial Accuracy Research Association
Publication Year: 2010
JRC N°: JRC57700
URI: http://www.le.ac.uk/geography/accuracy/index.html
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Watersheds are considered important units in many environmental decision-making processes. The delineation of watersheds using digital elevation models (DEM) is common and presents many advantages. However it is very sensitive to the uncertainty of the elevation datasets used. The main aim of this work is to use a probabilistic approach to extract watersheds divides on two widely available datasets in order to estimate the uncertainty in the process. Hundred simulations of each of the input dataset were generated using a Monte Carlo probabilistic approach. The watershed divides were delineated from each iteration. The different iterations were combined to produce a cumulative probability surface representing how many times a cell was part of a watershed divide. The preliminary results showed an high uncertainty in most of the test area. The highest uncertainty was related to small sub-watershed of low Strahler order streams. For both the considered datasets, the modelling of the elevation errors improved the delineation process, providing important additional information.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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