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|Title:||Modeling and Simulation of Nuclear Fuel Materials|
|Authors:||DEVANATHAN Ram; VAN BRUTZEL Laurent; CHARTIER Alain; GUENEAU Christine; MATTSSON Ann E.; TIKARE Veena; BARTEL Thimoty; BESSMANN Theodore; STAN Marius; VAN UFFELEN Paul|
|Citation:||ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE vol. 3 no. 10 p. 1406-1426|
|Publisher:||ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||We review the state of modeling and simulation of nuclear fuels with emphasis on the most widely used nuclear fuel, UO2. The hierarchical scheme presented represents a science-based approach to modeling nuclear fuels by progressively passing information in several stages from electronic structure calculations to continuum level simulations. Such an approach is essential to overcome the challenges posed by radioactive materials handling, experimental limitations in modeling extreme conditions and accident scenarios, and the small time and distance scales of fundamental defect processes. When used in conjunction with experimental validation, this multiscale modeling scheme can provide valuable guidance to development of fuel for advanced reactors to meet rising global energy demand.|
|JRC Directorate:||Nuclear Safety and Security|
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