Title: Spectroscopic Characterisation of Actinide Materials
Citation: MRS BULLETIN vol. 35 no. 11 p. 889 - 895
Publication Year: 2010
JRC N°: JRC58209
ISSN: 0883-7694
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC58209
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Advanced spectroscopic techniques provide new and unique tools for unraveling the nature of the electronic structure of actinide materials. Inelastic neutron scattering experiments, which address temporal aspects of lattice and magnetic fluctuations, probe electromagnetic multipole interactions and the coupling between electronic and vibrational degrees of freedom. Nuclear magnetic resonance clearly demonstrates different magnetic ground states at low temperature. Photoemission spectroscopy provides information on the occupied part of the electronic density of states and has been used to investigate the momentum-resolved electronic structure and the topology of the Fermi surface in a variety of actinide compounds. Furthermore, x-ray absorption and electron energy-loss spectroscopy have been used to probe the relativistic nature, occupation number, and degree of localization of 5f electrons across the actinide series. More recently, element- and edge-specific resonant and non-resonant inelastic x-ray scattering experiments have provided the opportunity of measuring elementary electronic excitations with higher resolution than traditional absorption techniques. Here, we will discuss the results obtained by most of these different spectroscopic techniques in studying the electronic and magnetic properties of selected actinide compounds, chosen as typical examples of systems with 5f electrons having itinerant or a localized character, or being close to the localization-delocalization boundary.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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