Title: Virgin Olive Oil Authentication by Multivariate Analyses of 1H NMR Fingerprints and delta 13C and delta 2H Data
Citation: JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY vol. 58 no. 9 p. 5586-5596
Publication Year: 2010
JRC N°: JRC58393
ISSN: 0021-8561
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC58393
DOI: 10.1021/jf903989b
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: 1H NMR fingerprints of virgin olive oils (VOOs) from the Mediterranean basin (three harvests) were analyzed by principal component analysis, linear discriminant analysis (LDA), and partial least-squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) to determine their geographical origin at the national, regional, or PDO level. Further delta 13C and delta 2H measurements were performed by isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS). LDA and PLS-DA achieved consistent results for the characterization of PDO Riviera Ligure VOOs. PLS-DA afforded the best model: for the Liguria class, 92% of the oils were correctly classified in the modeling step, and 88% of the oils were properly predicted in the external validation; for the non-Liguria class, 90 and 86% of hits were obtained, respectively. A stable and robust PLS-DA model was obtained to authenticate VOOs from Sicily: the recognition abilities were 98% for Sicilian oils and 89% for non-Sicilian ones, and the prediction abilities were 93 and 86%, respectively. More than 85% of the oils of both categories were properly predicted in the external validation. Greek and non-Greek VOOs were properly classified by PLS-DA: >90% of the samples were correctly predicted in the cross-validation and external validation. Stable isotopes provided complementary geographical information to the 1H NMR fingerprints of the VOOs.
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