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|Title:||The Impact of the EU Blue Card Policy on Economic Growth in the African Sending Countries|
|Authors:||KANCS D'ARTIS; CIAIAN Pavel|
|Citation:||SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS vol. 78 no. 3 p. 225-247|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||In May 2009 the EU Council adopted a new migration policy instrument - the EU Blue Cards (BC) - for attracting highly skilled workers to the EU. The present paper examines the potential impacts, which BC may cause on less developed sending countries (LDC). According to the adopted framework of innovative capital, the EU BC will reduce human capital in LDC. In addition, BC will also have a negative impact on knowledge capital. We propose and examine alternative migration policy options for LDC. We find that policies implemented on the demand side of skilled labour market are the most efficient. In contrast, policies that address the supply side of skilled labour market are the least efficient, though least costly to be implemented.|
|JRC Directorate:||Growth and Innovation|
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