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dc.contributor.authorWIESENTHAL Tobiasen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLEDUC Guillaumeen_GB
dc.contributor.authorHAEGEMAN Karelen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSCHWARZ Hans-Guentheren_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-11-30T01:00:39Z-
dc.date.available2011-11-29en_GB
dc.date.available2011-11-30T01:00:39Z-
dc.date.created2011-11-18en_GB
dc.date.issued2012en_GB
dc.date.submitted2010-10-14en_GB
dc.identifier.citationRESEARCH POLICY vol. 41 no. 1 p. 116-131en_GB
dc.identifier.issn0048-7333en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048733311001648en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC61219-
dc.description.abstractThis paper discusses a bottom-up approach to estimate the level of R&D investment by technology in areas where data is scarce. It develops a four-step methodology for the estimation of corporate R&D investments at technology level. This approach can overcome gaps in existing data by combining publicly available information in a novel way, even though it introduces some uncertainty. It is illustrated for a set of low-carbon energy technologies that were identified as key for meeting Europe's long-term energy and climate objectives by the European Strategic Energy Technology Plan. The paper finds that the aggregated R&D investments dedicated to these technologies amounted to €3.3 billion in the EU in 2007, including public funding from European Union Member States and at EU-level, and industrial research activities from companies with headquarters registered in the EU. The results allow conclusions on the European energy research policy to be drawn, such as the dominance of industrial funds, and have provided significant input to the European policy making in this field. The paper ends with suggestions on how to further enhance the accuracy of the approach and how to widen its application to other sectors.en_GB
dc.description.sponsorshipJRC.J.2-The economics of climate change, energy and transporten_GB
dc.format.mediumPrinteden_GB
dc.languageENGen_GB
dc.publisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BVen_GB
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJRC61219en_GB
dc.titleBottom-up estimation of industrial and public R&D investment by technology in support of policy-making: the case of selected low-carbon energy technologiesen_GB
dc.typeArticles in periodicals and booksen_GB
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.respol.2011.08.007en_GB
JRC Directorate:Growth and Innovation

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