Title: Global Trade Data to Support IAEA Safeguards
Citation: ESARDA Bulletin no. 45 p. 14-22
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2010
JRC N°: JRC61568
ISSN: 0392-3029
URI: http://esarda2.jrc.it/bulletin/bulletin_45/B_2010_045_05.pdf
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Motivated by the insight that trade data may support IAEA safeguards, a survey was conducted on world trade data available from open sources, resulting in a catalogue of web services on statistical and transactional trade data. Statistical data have a worldwide coverage and are provided, often for free, by international and governmental organizations and statistical offices. Services on trade transactions have a national or multi-national scope and are managed by companies. Trade data may provide information to support the verification of additional protocol declarations and nuclear material transfers as well as give indications of possible undeclared activities. Since trade data are retrieved by Harmonized System (HS) codes used by traders to declare goods to customs, a condition for using these data is to relate items of interest to safeguards with appropriate HS categories. The paper firstly reviews data services available on world trade with emphasis on type of data provided, geographical and temporal coverage. It then addresses the challenging task of correlating categories of items of interest to safeguards and HS codes, and presents a software tool developed for this goal. The paper concludes on possible uses of trade data for the purpose of nuclear safeguards.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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