Title: Measurement of longitudinal and transverse strain in an aluminium foam
Authors: GOGLIO LucaMANFREDINI VASSOLER JaksonPERONI MARCO
Citation: MATERIALWISSENSCHAFT UND WERKSTOFFTECHNIK vol. 42 no. 5 p. 342-349
Publisher: WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Publication Year: 2011
JRC N°: JRC61784
ISSN: 0933-5137
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC61784
DOI: 10.1002/mawe.201100786
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: This paper presents an experimental study on a closed-cell aluminium foam (ALPORAS®), carried out with the final goal of obtaining data required to identify the parameters of a constitutive model of such material. The work consists mainly of compression tests on prismatic specimens, from which the load-displacement curves are obtained. Several tests have been carried out to assess the influence of strain rate, in the low-value range 10-3¿10-1 s-1, and foam density variation, due to the slight difference between samples taken from the inner or the outside of a foam block. The results show that the effect of the strain rate, although small, is noticeable, and becomes more relevant when the material has higher density, in accordance with previous studies. Measuring the strain in the foam requires special procedures because of its heterogeneity; the typical choice is in favour of non-contact methods. In this work, the Digital Image Correlation has been used to obtain the displacement field on the specimen surface: the track of each marker point in a chosen set has been determined, then the strain field has been assessed with an interpolation based on a strain-displacement matrix like in the finite element method. The obtained relationship between longitudinal and transverse average strain is non-linear and influenced by the strain rate, which corresponds to a non-constant apparent Poisson¿s ratio.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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