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|Title:||Quantification of uranium-238 in environmental samples using gamma-ray spectrometry|
|Authors:||HULT Mikael; ANDREOTTI ERICA; GONZALEZ DE ORDUNA Raquel; POMME Stefaan; YELTEPE EMIN|
|Citation:||EPJ Web of Conference vol. 24 p. 07005 (12 pages)|
|Publisher:||EDP Sciences-SIF 2012|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||A large number of environmental samples are routinely measured world-wide using gamma-ray spectrometry some of its assets being easy sample preparation and comprehensive data for many radionu-clides in one analysis. Although other techniques can be considered more suitable for analysing 238U in environmental samples, it is also routinely done by gamma-ray spectrometry. One mainly uses γ-ray emissions following the decay of the first daughter, 234Th, for determining the 238U activity. However, the low-energy gamma-rays at 63 keV and 92.5 keV are very difficult to quantify in a robust way due to high attenuation and interferences. This paper quantifies parameters affecting the possibility of making robust quantification of 238U via 234Th using gamma-ray spectrometry. It addresses the use of correct decay data, suitable detectors, optimised sample size, enhanced spectral amplification, correction for peak interferences and control of background.|
|JRC Directorate:||Health, Consumers and Reference Materials|
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