Title: A study on the effect of flaw detection probability assumptions on risk reduction achieved by non-destructive inspection
Citation: RELIABILITY ENGINEERING & SYSTEM SAFETY vol. 105 no. September 2012 p. 90-96
Publication Year: 2012
JRC N°: JRC63645
ISSN: 0951-8320
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0951832012000464
DOI: 10.1016/j.ress.2012.03.012
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Leakages and ruptures of piping components lead to reduction or loss of the pressure retaining capability of the system, and thus contribute to the risk of nuclear power plants. In-service inspection (ISI) aims at verifying that defects are not present in components of the pressure boundary or, if defects are present, ensuring that these are detected before they affect the safe operation of the plant. Reliability estimates of piping are needed e.g. in probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) studies, risk-informed ISI (RI-ISI) applications, and other structural reliability assessments. Probabilistic fracture mechanics models can account for ISI effectiveness, but a quantitative estimate for the latter is needed. This is normally expressed in terms of probability of detection (POD) curves, which correlate the probability of detecting a flaw with flaw size. A detailed POD curve is often difficult (or practically impossible) to obtain. If sufficient risk reduction can be shown by using simplified (but conservative) POD estimates, more complex PODs are not needed. This paper summarises the results of a study on the effect of piping inspection reliability assumptions on failure probability using structural reliability models. The main interest was to investigate whether it is justifiable to use a simplified POD curve. Further, the study compared various structural reliability calculation approaches for a set of cases. The results indicate that the use of a simplified POD could be justifiable in RI-ISI applications.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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