Title: The Use of Computational Methods in the Toxicological Assessment of Chemicals in Food: Current Status and Future Prospects
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2011
JRC N°: JRC63826
ISBN: 978-92-79-19567-9
ISSN: 1018-5593
Other Identifiers: EUR 24748 EN
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC63826
DOI: 10.2788/6234
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: A wide range of chemicals are intentionally added to, or unintentially found in, food products, often in very small amounts. Depending on the situation, the experimental data needed to complete a dietary risk assessment, which is the scientific basis for protecting human health, may not be available or obtainable, for reasons of cost, time and animal welfare. For example, toxicity data are often lacking for the metabolites and degradation products of pesticide active ingredients. There is therefore an interest in the development and application of efficient and effective non-animal methods for assessing chemical toxicity, including Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (QSAR) models and related computational methods. This report gives an overview of how computational methods are currently used in the field of food safety by national regulatory bodies, international advisory organisations and the food industry. On the basis of an international survey, a comprehensive literature review and a detailed QSAR analysis, a range of recommendations are made with the long-term aim of promoting the judicious use of suitable QSAR methods. The current status of QSAR methods is reviewed not only for toxicological endpoints relevant to dietary risk assessment, but also for Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism and Excretion (ADME) properties, which are often important in discriminating between the toxicological profiles of parent compounds and their reaction products. By referring to the concept of the Threshold of Toxicological Concern (TTC), the risk assessment context in which QSAR methods can be expected to be used is also discussed. This Joint Research Centre (JRC) Reference Report provides a summary and update of the findings obtained in a study carried out by the JRC under the terms of a contract awarded by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).
JRC Directorate:Institute for Health and Consumer Protection Historical Collection

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