Title: Electric vehicles in an urban context - environmental benefit and techno-economic barriers.
Publisher: InTech. Open Access Publisher
Publication Year: 2011
JRC N°: JRC65147
ISBN: 978-953-307-287-6
URI: http://www.intechopen.com/books/show/title/electric-vehicles-the-benefits-and-barriers
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Electric vehicles (EV) might offer a step change technology based on the much higher efficiency of electric motors compared to ICEs as well as the potential to de-carbonise the energy chain used in transportation and in particular in the well to tank pathway. This will also open the possibility to use alternative energy paths to secure mobility and making the road transport more independent from crude oil. This chapter analyses the possible role that EVs (it includes Battery Electric Vehicles –BEV, and Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles – PHEV) might play within the urban environment in the short, medium and long term, discusses the expected gains in environmental performance, presents the main bottlenecks in its deployment and addresses the possible additional cost bare by the technology. The chapter also examines the possible business models and policy options that might be put in place in order to support a faster market intake for the electrification of the urban transport. However, the potential of EV to reduce the impact of transportation varies from impact to impact and also depends on the time scale. In other words it does not represent the “silver bullet” to face the problem of environmental decay and transportation inefficiencies (traffic congestions) in our metropolitan areas and as such, it needs to be considered as an option in a wide range of possibilities at our disposal to meet this challenge. These options include also non-technological alternatives that together with the technological ones need to be considered in a holistic approach. The chapter finalises with a summary and recommendations on how EVs can be brought to the forefront of urban/city vehicles as a good option to reduce the impact caused by transportation in the urban environment.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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