Title: JRC's On-Line Fission Gas Release Monitoring System in the High Flux Reactor Petten
Citation: NUCLEAR ENGINEERING AND DESIGN vol. 251 p. 325-329
Publication Year: 2012
JRC N°: JRC65552
ISSN: 0029-5493
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0029549311008831
DOI: 10.1016/j.nucengdes.2011.09.062
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: For HTR fuel irradiation tests in the HFR Petten a specific installation was designed and installed, dubbed the “Sweep Loop Facility” (SLF). The SLF is tasked with three functions, namely temperature control by gas mixture technique, surveillance of safety parameters (temperature, pressure, radioactivity etc.) and analysis of fission gas release for three individual capsules in two separate experiments. The SLF enables continuous and independent surveillance of all gas circuits. The release of volatile fission products of the in-pile experiments is monitored by continuous gas purging. The fractional release of these fission products, defined as the ratio between release rate of a gaseous fission isotope (measured) to its instantaneous birth rate (calculated), is a licensing-relevant test for HTR fuel. The newly developed gamma spectrometry station allows for higher measurement frequencies, thus enabling follow-up of rapid and massive release transients. The designed stand-alone system was tested and fully used through the final irradiation period of the HFR-EU1 experiment which was terminated on 18 February 2010. Its robustness allowed us to use it as extra safety instrumentation. This paper describes the gas activity measurement technique based on HPGe gamma spectrometry and illustrates how qualitative and quantitative analysis of volatile fission products can be performed on-line.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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