Title: Soil Properties, Strontium Isotopic Signatures and Multi‐Element Profiles to Authenticate the Origin of Vegetables from Small‐Scale Regions: Illustration with Early Potatoes from Southern Italy
Citation: RAPID COMMUNICATIONS IN MASS SPECTROMETRY vol. 25 no. 19 p. 2721-2731
Publication Year: 2011
JRC N°: JRC67680
ISSN: 0951-4198
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC67680
DOI: 10.1002/rcm.5081
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: We propose a method for the authentication of the origin of vegetables grown under similar weather conditions, in sites less than 10km distance from the sea and distributed over a rather small scale area (58651km2).We studied how the strontium (Sr) isotopic signature and selected elemental concentrations ([Mn], [Cu], [Zn], [Rb], [Sr] and [Cd]) in early potatoes from three neighbouring administrative regions in the south of Italy were related to the geological substrate (alluvial sediments, volcanic substrates and carbonate rocks) and to selected soil chemical properties influencing the bioavailability of elements in soils (pH, cation exchange capacity and total carbonate content). Through multiple‐step multivariate statistics (PLS‐DA) we could assign 26 potatoes (including two already commercialised samples) to their respective eight sites of production, corresponding to the first two types of geological substrates. The other 12 potatoes from four sites of production had similar characteristics in terms of the geological substrate (third type) and these soil properties could be grouped together. In this case, more discriminative parameters would be required to allow the differentiation between sites. The validation of our models included external prediction tests with data of potatoes harvested the year before and a study on the robustness of the uncertainties of themeasurement results. Annual variations between multi‐elemental and Sr isotopic fingerprintswere observed in potatoes harvested fromsoils overlying carbonate rocks, stressing the importance of testing long term variations in authentication studies.
JRC Directorate:Health, Consumers and Reference Materials

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