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|Title:||Mapping ecosystem services for policy support and decision making in the European Union|
|Authors:||MAES JOACHIM; EGOH BENIS NCHINE; WILLEMEN LOUISE; LIQUETE GARCIA MARIA DEL CAMINO; VIHERVAARA Petteri; SCHAEGNER JAN; GRIZZETTI Bruna; DRAKOU EVANGELIA; LA NOTTE ALESSANDRA; BOURAOUI Faycal; BRAAT Leon; BIDOGLIO Giovanni; PARACCHINI Maria-Luisa; ZULIAN GRAZIA|
|Citation:||Ecosystem Services vol. 1 no. 1 p. 31-39|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Mainstreaming ecosystem services into policy and decision making is dependent on the availability of spatially explicit information on the state and trends of ecosystems and their services. In particular, the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 addresses the need to account for ecosystem services through biophysical mapping and valuation. This paper reviews current mapping methods, identifies current knowledge gaps and provides the elements for a methodological framework for mapping and assessing at European scale. Current mapping methodologies go beyond purely land cover based assessments and include the use of the primary data of ecosystem services, the use functional traits to map ecosystem services and the development of models and ecological production functions. Additional research is needed to cover marine ecosystems and to include the resilience of ecosystems to environmental change in spatially explicit assessments. The ecosystem services cascade which connects ecosystems to human wellbeing is argued to provide a suitable methodological framework for mapping ecosystem services in order to support EU policies in a more effective way. We demonstrate the use of this framework for mapping using the water purification service as case.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
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