Title: The objectives of the Phébus FP experimental programme and main findings
Authors: CLEMENT B.ZEYEN Roland
Citation: ANNALS OF NUCLEAR ENERGY vol. 61 p. 4-10
Publisher: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Publication Year: 2013
JRC N°: JRC73532
ISSN: 0306-4549
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306454913001679
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC73532
DOI: 10.1016/j.anucene.2013.03.037
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Since the very beginning, the Phébus FP programme of integral experiments was considered as a necessary complement to the qualification “one by one” of physical models through analytical experiments, which has the disadvantage of introducing hypotheses e.g. on the additivity of phenomena and do not allow to be sure that no important phenomenon has been omitted. Also the physico-chemical nature of a number of species can best be determined in integral type of experiments. For all those purposes, a series of five in-pile integral experiments has been performed. The facility provided prototypic reactor conditions which allowed the study of basic phenomena governing core degradation through to the late phase (melt pool formation), hydrogen production, fission product (FP) release and transport, circuit and containment phenomena, and iodine chemistry. For each of these topics, key lessons have been learnt and are described. Amongst the most important, one can cite:  The need to revisit cladding oxidation modelling, that impacts the hydrogen production kinetics,  The fuel collapse (transition from rod-like geometry towards a molten pool) at temperatures far below what was expected,  The fission product release from degrading fuel,  The chemical form of fission products when transported in the Reactor Coolant System, especially for iodine and caesium, most important radionuclides,  The in-containment behaviour of iodine especially the reactions between iodine and paints and the trapping of iodine by silver under certain conditions. From these findings, the physical models implemented in simulation tools used for safety studies have been improved. However integral experiments such as Phébus FP have often the disadvantage not to allow an accurate enough determination of the values of the parameters of physical models. IRSN and partners therefore decided to launch new separate-effect experiments in order to address remaining uncertainties.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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