Title: Thirty Years of Gipps’ Car-Following Model: Applications, Developments, and New Features
Citation: TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH RECORD vol. 2315 p. 89-99
Publication Year: 2012
JRC N°: JRC76750
ISSN: 0361-1981
URI: http://amonline.trb.org/1sm151/1
DOI: 10.3141/2315-10
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Researchers and practitioners commonly use car-following models for road traffic studies. Although dozens of models have been presented so far, the one proposed by Peter G. Gipps in 1981 is still among the most extensively used. However, many features of the model are still not well known or neglected in common applications. In this context, the current study summarizes and analyzes the main findings available in the scientific literature for the Gipps’ car-following model and introduces some of its novel features that may improve its capability to reproduce real trajectory data. In particular, the structure of the acceleration component of the model is analytically investigated for what concerns the meaning of some parameters that in common practice are usually kept to some empirically derived fixed values. Possible versions of Gipps’ model are presented, and their performance to reproduce real vehicle trajectories is evaluated and compared. The results achieved show the necessity for these parameters to be calibrated to improve the model’s predictive capabilities.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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