Title: Calibration of Microscopic Traffic Flow Models Against Time-Series Data
Authors: MONTANINO MarcelloCIUFFO BIAGIOPUNZO VINCENZO
Citation: Proceedings of the IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference 2012 p. 108-114
Publisher: IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Society
Publication Year: 2012
JRC N°: JRC76762
ISBN: 978-1-4673-3063-3
ISSN: 2153-0009
URI: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/login.jsp?tp=&arnumber=6338686&url=http%3A%2F%2Fieeexplore.ieee.org%2Fiel5%2F6328848%2F6338591%2F06338686.pdf%3Farnumber%3D6338686
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC76762
DOI: 10.1109/ITSC.2012.6338686
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: In the field of traffic simulation, the calibration of uncertain inputs against real data is usually taken to cover the epistemic uncertainty regarding the un-modeled details of the phenomena and the aleatory not predicted by the models. For this reason, model parameters are usually indirectly derived by means of an optimization framework, which tries to maximize the fit between real and simulated measures of the traffic system. This is the case, for example, of the calibration of car-following models’ parameters against vehicle trajectory data. Only recently, it has been proven that the capability of the optimization framework to provide the parameters’ values that allow the car-following model reproducing real trajectories at its best is strictly connected to the setup of the optimization framework itself. This, in particular, entails the necessity to carefully choose an appropriate combination of optimization algorithm and measure of goodness of fit (GOF). In this study, the authors focus the attention on this latter issue. Specifically, it is claimed here that the commonly used GOFs are not able to capture the dynamics of the time-series which calibration is performed against. Therefore, a spectral analysis based approach to evaluate the overall performance of the simulation model in the objective function is proposed. The new measure of goodness of fit is tested in the calibration of the Intelligent Driver Model against synthetic trajectory data. Results confirm that the resulting optimization framework is always able to find the global optimum of the optimization problem.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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