Title: Threats to the Soil Resource Base of Food Security in China and Europe. A report from the Sino-EU Panel on Land and Soil
Authors: AKHTAR-SCHUSTER MariamE.H. BLUM WinfriedHE ChunyuanJONES ArwynKISMÁNYOKY TamásKONG XiangbinLIU GuobinMONTANARELLA LucaNORTCLIFF S.SHEN RenfrangWEI JianbingWU ZhifengYANG QingyuanZANG BoZHANG Ganling
Editors: TOTH Gergely
LI Xiubin
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2012
JRC N°: JRC77258
ISBN: 978-92-79-27746-7 (print)
978-92-79-27745-0 (pdf)
ISSN: 1018-5593 (print)
1831-9424 (online)
Other Identifiers: EUR 25632 EN
OPOCE LB-NA-25632-EN-C (print); LB-NA-25632-EN-N (online)
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC77258
DOI: 10.2788/71260
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: To secure adequate food supply is the major challenge for humanity in the 21st century. Growing world population and its urbanization put pressure on this basic need, which is further threatened by the constant loss of fertile land. The assessment of sustainability of food supply under increasing pressure on land resources has been selected as one of the most important priority topics of the activities of Sino-EU Panel on Land and Soil (SEPLS). The Panel has performed a number of related researches and discussed the results on a scientific seminar in January 2012 in Nanjing, China. This report is an output of this seminar with a summary of the structured discussions on the below issues. 1. Urban and peri-urban development (soil sealing and loss of land functions) Urbanization and the linked spread of infrastructural development mean sealing of soil surfaces. Soil sealing is the most rapidly growing limitation for soil functions (including biomass production function) both in China and Europe. Soil sealing in China has been taking dramatic degree in the last two decades and the process is estimated to continue in the coming period as well. While urban and peri-urban development is looked as a necessity for social development, its negative effect on natural resources are inevitable. 2. Land degradation Despite the widely recognized importance of land degradation in the unsustainability of economic development and implementation of various policies to halt degradation (e.g. green for grain programme in China; cross-compliance measures in the EU), loss of land productivity by degradation is an ongoing process both in China and the EU. Major forms of soil degradation (erosion, desertification, landslides etc.) are similar in both regions. Assessment of the causes and consequences of soil degradation processes in relation to policy actions is highlighted among the priorities of the SEPLS. 3. Intensive agriculture and multi-function management of land resources Intensification and extensification in agriculture can be considered as the main changes in land use in rural areas in both EU and China. While agricultural intensification is one of the greatest threats to the soil and environment and then hampers the sustainable development of agriculture and food security. To meet this challenge, sustainable management of multi-functionality of land resources is undoubtedly an effective strategy, in which the EU has a good expertise. Bilateral exchange of the experience and knowledge benefits the sustainable management of land resources.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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