Title: Measurements of 236U in Ancient and Modern Peat Samples and Implications for Postdepositional Migration of Fallout Radionuclides
Authors: QUINTO FRANCESCAHRNECEK ErichKRACHLER MICHAELSHOTYK W.STEIER P.WINKLER Stephan
Citation: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY vol. 47 no. 10 p. 5243-5250
Publisher: AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Publication Year: 2013
JRC N°: JRC77338
ISSN: 0013-936X
URI: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es400026m
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC77338
DOI: 10.1021/es400026m
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: 236U was analyzed in an ombrotrophic peat core representing the last 80 years of atmospheric deposition and a minerotrophic peat sample from the last interglacial period. The determination of 236U at levels of 107 atoms/g was possible by using ultraclean laboratory procedures and accelerator mass spectrometry. The vertical profile of the 236U/238U isotopic ratio along the ombrotrophic peat core represents the first observation of the 236U bomb peak in a terrestrial environment. A constant level of anthropogenic 236U with an average 236U/238U isotopic ratio of (1.24 ± 0.08) × 10−6 in the top layers of the core was observed. Comparing the abundances of the global fallout derived 236U and 239Pu along the peat core, the post depositional migration of plutonium clearly exceeds that of uranium. However, the cumulative 236U/239Pu ratio of 0.62 ± 0.31 is in agreement with previous studies on the global fallout uranium and plutonium. In the interglacial peat samples a 236U/238U isotopic ratio of (3.3 ± 0.7) × 10−12 was detected; although this measurement is an upper limit, it constitutes a significant step forward in the experimental determination of the natural 236U abundance and represents a true background sample for the ombrotrophic peat core.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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