Title: A European map of living forest biomass and carbon stock - Executive report
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2012
JRC N°: JRC77439
ISBN: 978-92-79-28133-4
ISSN: 1831-9424
Other Identifiers: EUR 25730
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC77439
DOI: 10.2788/780
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: Forest ecosystems have a key role in the global carbon cycle and are considered large and persistent carbon sinks. The CO2 fixed by photosynthesis is one of the most important components of the carbon cycle, and forests play a determinant role in this process. Therefore, spatially explicit data and assessments of forest biomass and carbon is of paramount importance for the design and implementation of effective sustainable forest management options and forest related policies at the European level. The aim of this report is to present a summary of early results of the FOREST Action activities on forest biomass and carbon stock in Europe. In this report we present European-wide maps of forest biomass and carbon stock at IPCC Tier 1 level. Maps of forest biomass and carbon stock are relevant for quantifying terrestrial carbon storage and carbon sinks as well as for estimating potential emissions from land cover changes (afforestation, deforestation, reforestation), forest fragmentation and biotic (pests) and abiotic (e.g. forest fires, windstorms) disturbances. We describe the input data and approach, then present a summary examining the potential of the approach and further work as well as data needs in this field. The maps presented, implemented following the IPCC methodology, represent spatially explicit biomass and carbon stock on forested land disaggregated at 1 km x 1 km grid cells. The resulting maps represent the biomass and carbon at continental level, accounting for around 90% of the total continental amounts of biomass and carbon reported in the FAO’s Global Forest Resource Assessment (FRA) and State of Europe’s Forest report from the Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forest in Europe (MCPFE). To account for regional discrepancies the maps were then adjusted to match FRA amounts of biomass and carbon at the country level. This report will be followed by an extended report including methodological details of the approach implemented.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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