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|Title:||Nonlinear wave structural health monitoring method using an active nonlinear piezoceramic sensor for matrix cracking detection in composites|
|Authors:||CHRYSOCHOIDIS NIKOLAOS; ASSIMAKOPOULOU Theoni; SARAVANOS Dimitris|
|Citation:||JOURNAL OF INTELLIGENT MATERIAL SYSTEMS AND STRUCTURES vol. 26 no. 15 p. 2108–2120|
|Publisher:||SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||A structural health monitoring methodology, based on nonlinear wave modulation spectroscopy, is presented and aims to detect matrix cracks in composites. Experiments were conducted on cross-ply carbon/epoxy strips containing matrix cracks, induced via three-point bending. Damage in all tested specimens was categorized according to the acoustic emission hits recorded during loading. The nonlinear ultrasonics methodology is applied via an active nonlinear acoustoultrasonic piezoelectric sensor, enabling low-cost and wide-frequency operational bandwidth. This active sensor configuration involves two piezoceramic wafer actuators, one excited with a low- and the other with a high-frequency signal, and a piezoceramic sensor, all permanently bonded on the tested structure. The sensitivity of the nonlinear active sensor response at specific high carrier frequencies is depicted and damage indices are proposed. The experimental results illustrate the effectiveness of the nonlinear ultrasonic wave mixing method in matrix crack detection, as well as the potential of the new active sensor for permanent structural health monitoring.|
|JRC Directorate:||Space, Security and Migration|
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