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|Title:||Anthropogenic emissions of methane in the United States|
|Authors:||MILLER Scot M.; WOFSY Steven C.; MICHALAK Anna M.; KORT Eric; ANDREWS Arlyn; BIRAUD Sebastien; DLUGOKENCKY Edward; ELUSZKIEWICZ Janusz; FISCHER M; JANSSENS-MAENHOUT Greet; MILLER Ben R.; MILLER John B.; MONTZKA Stephen; SWEENEY Colm; NEHRKORN Thomas|
|Citation:||PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA vol. 110 no. 50 p. 20018–20022|
|Publisher:||NATL ACAD SCIENCES|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Methane accounts for an important share of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States, but estimates of total methane sources over North America vary by over 50%, a margin inadequate for policy decisions on future greenhouse gas reductions. In this paper, we analyze observed concentrations of atmospheric methane over North America in order resolve discrepancies in published assessments of methane emissions. We use a geostatistical framework to combine a comprehensive suite of atmospheric measurements, a high-resolution atmospheric transport model, and diverse spatial datasets to provide maps of anthropogenic methane sources in the US. The results show large methane sources over Texas, Oklahoma, and Louisiana, the major locus of oil refining and natural gas extraction in the continental United States. Correlations of measured methane and propane concentrations in this region confirm a fossil fuel extraction source. Methane from these three states alone accounts for ∼25% of total US emissions, and the magnitude of emissions from the fossil fuel extraction and/or refining sector appears to have been significantly underestimated by most assessments. Here we show that natural gas extraction and processing likely has a much larger greenhouse gas footprint than commonly estimated.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
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