Title: Using field spectroscopy to assess the potential of statistical approaches for the retrieval of sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence from ground and space
Authors: LUIS GuanterROSSINI MicolCOLOMBO RobertoMERONI MICHELEFRANKENBERG ChristianLEE Jung-EunJOINER Joanna
Citation: REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT vol. 113 p. 52-61
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Publication Year: 2013
JRC N°: JRC80687
ISSN: 0034-4257
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0034425713000357
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC80687
DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2013.01.017
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (Fs) is an electromagnetic signal emitted in the 650–800 nm spectral window by the chlorophyll-a of green leaves. Previous studies demonstrated the retrieval of Fs on a global scale using high spectral resolution measurements by the Fourier Transform Spectrometer (FTS) on board the greenhouse gases observing satellite (GOSAT). The retrieval of Fs fromGOSAT-FTS data is based on themodeling of the in-filling of solar Fraunhofer lines by Fs. The first Fs retrieval methods for GOSAT-FTS measurements were based on physical formulations of the radiative transfer between the atmosphere, the surface and the instrument including the Fs emission. As an alternative, a statisticalmethodwas also successfully applied to GOSAT data. This method is based on a singular vector decomposition (SVD) technique producing a basis of spectral functions able to model the contribution of the reflected solar radiation to the top-of-atmospheremeasurement in a linearway. The Fs signal is included in the forward model as an extra parameter adding to the reflected solar radiation. Here, we use field spectroscopy measurements to provide further experimental evidence on the retrieval of Fs with statistical approaches in both Fraunhofer lines and atmospheric oxygen and water vapor bands. The statistical retrieval method used with GOSAT-FTS data has been adapted to a set of ground-based spectro-radiometer measurements in the 717–780 nm range. Retrieval results in the 745–759 nm window, which contains only Fraunhofer lines, support the overall approach of estimating Fs from space measurements in that spectral window. Furthermore, the application of the method to broader fitting windows including both Fraunhofer lines and and (oxygen and water vapor) atmospheric bands atmospheric bands has been proven to be very effective to reduce the retrieval noise and has also shown a good comparison with reference O2A-based retrievals. This allows consideration of statistical methods as a powerful option for Fs retrieval from broadband space-based measurements in the near-infrared.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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