Title: Development of a kinematically focused neutron source with the p(7Li,n)7Be inverse reaction
Authors: LEBOIS M.WILSON J.HALIPRE P.LENIAU B.MATEA I.OBERSTEDT A.OBERSTEDT StephanVERNEY D.
Citation: NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION A-ACCELERATORS SPECTROMETERS DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT vol. 735 p. 145-151
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Publication Year: 2013
JRC N°: JRC81468
ISSN: 0168-9002
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2013.07.061
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC81468
DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2013.07.061
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Directional beams of neutrons can be produced if a nuclear reaction which emits neutrons is initiated in inverse kinematics with a heavy ion projectile bombarding a light target. In this paper we investigate the use of the p(7Li,n)7Be inverse reaction to produce kinematically focused, quasi-mono energetic neutron beams with a view to development of such an unusual neutron source for fundamental and applied nuclear physics studies. An experiment was carried out to validate the concept and test the viability of two types of hydrogen-rich solid targets: polypropylene and TiH2. Neutron time-of-flight/energy spectra at 3 m distance from the source have been measured at 7Li bombarding energies of 13.5, 15, 15.5, 16, and 17 MeV, and neutron backgrounds from parasitic reactions have been characterised. The neutron angular distribution in the laboratory has been measured at 15 MeV. A Monte-Carlo code based on two-body relativistic kinematics has been developed and validated by comparisons with the experimental data. Code-based extrapolations have then been used to deduce neutron energy spectra and maximum neutron fluxes available for future irradiation of samples placed in the neutron beam at small distances. For neutrons produced with thin (4 micron) and thick (28 micron) polypropylene targets the maximum available fluxes are calculated to be 10^7 n/s/sterad and 7 x 10^7 n/s/sterad respectively. The development of a dedicated facility to produce kinematically focused neutrons is discussed.
JRC Directorate:Health, Consumers and Reference Materials

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