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|Title:||EU port security & growth|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||In response to the events of September 11 2001 and the growing concern for the security of ships and ports, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) set up new security regulations implemented in the new Chapter XI-2 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) and in the International Ship and Port facility Security (ISPS) code on the minimum security arrangements for ships and port facilities. ISPS was transposed to the Community legal framework by the Regulation 725/2004, later complemented by the Directive 2005/65/CE, which extended the security measures into the whole port area. Ports constitute crucial intermodal nodes in the freight and passenger transport network as well as important border control points. Their security, along with their efficient operation, is therefore of paramount importance not only because of their critical transport functions but also because of their specific role, as control points, in the regional, national and European security. Port security, cornerstone for the implementation of the new international maritime transport security regime, should be seen not only as the means for protecting the maritime vessels, the port users and the public but also as an opportunity to further automate and simplify port procedures and operations. The key for that is to embed security in all main port functionalities, primarily through the intelligent procedures and data sharing rather than seeing security as an additional overlay on top of port operations. The aim of the present paper is to analyse the problem, highlight the issues faced in a systematic way and provide a systemic framework towards a better port security with better and simpler procedures rather than penalising the trade or the port related activities. To this end: • A basic taxonomy concerning ports, port facilities and security is established, • The main requirements from the EU and international regulations are highlighted, • The port facility security, basic functional block for the port security, is analysed and its main parameters are derived, • The current situation of EU port facilities is highlighted and some conclusions on the short-term priorities and the way ahead are drawn. This paper is based on the work undertaken by the JRC in direct support of the Commission services (DG MOVE and DG HOME): 1. On the technical aspects of port facility and port area security (TAPS and TAPS II) 2. On a Identity Management Framework in Ports, part of the European Programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection (EPCIP-2011)|
|JRC Directorate:||Space, Security and Migration|
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