Title: Potential of high resolution ICP-OES for elemental and isotopic analysis of americium
Authors: KRACHLER MICHAELALVAREZ SARANDES LAVANDERA RafaelCARBOL PaulMALMBECK RikardVAN WINCKEL Stefaan
Citation: MICROCHEMICAL JOURNAL vol. 110 p. 425-434
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Publication Year: 2014
JRC N°: JRC81924
ISSN: 0026-265X
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC81924
DOI: 10.1016/j.microc.2013.05.010
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: The potential of the eleven most sensitive emission wavelengths of americium (Am) for prospective isotopic and elemental analysis were investigated in detail using a commercial high resolution ICP-OES spectrometer. Calibration of the instrumental response was carried out through stepwise dilution of a 241Am stock solution (1 550 mg/kg) that was prepared in-house via chemical separation of the element from a concentrated plutonium (Pu) solution (115 g/L). Sector field ICP-MS, - and -spectrometry served to characterise extensively the employed Am and Pu solutions for their actual concentration, potential impurities and isotopic purity. Hyperfine splitting of relatively broad peaks (~10 pm) or multiplets, i.e. multiple peaks, were observed for most tested Am ICP-OES emission signals with 241Am and 243Am revealing identical signal patterns. The isotopic shift between 241Am and 243Am was generally small with a maximum difference of only ~3.7 pm found at =450.945 nm and =469.970 nm, respectively. As a consequence, the extraction of Am isotopic information from the ICP-emission spectra was limited. The use of a high efficiency sample introduction system helped to lower detection limits (LOD) for Am up to two orders of magnitude compared to previous values. While the emission wavelength =283.226 nm provided the lowest LOD of 0.07 µg/kg, distinct spectral interferences originating from thorium (Th) (=283.231 nm), would hamper the reliable determination of Am in Th-based nuclear fuels. A detailed interference study highlights the potential and drawback of each investigated emission wavelength for ICP-OES analysis of Am with special emphasis on nuclear fuel samples containing substantial amounts of Th, Pu and U.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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