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|Title:||CONTRAST-ENHANCED ULTRASOUND MONITORING OF PERFUSION CHANGES IN HEPATIC NEUROENDOCRINE METASTASES AFTER SYSTEMIC VERSUS SELECTIVE ARTERIAL 177LU/90Y-DOTATOC AND 213BI-DOTATOC RADIOPEPTIDE THERAPY|
|Authors:||GIESEL Frederik; FLECHSIG Paul; KUDER T; SCHWARTZ L; WULFERT Sarah; ZECHMANN Christian; BRUCHERTSEIFER Frank; HABERKORN Uwe; KRATOCHWIL Clemens|
|Citation:||Experimental Oncology vol. 35 no. 2 p. 122-126|
|Publisher:||MORION LLC, 10A Bazhana ave., 02140, Kyiv-140, Ukraine|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Radiopeptide therapy with beta emitter labeled 177Lu/90Y- DOTA(0)-Phe(1)-Tyr(3)-octreotide (DOTATOC) and more recently also alpha emitting 213Bi-DOTATOC are promising new treatments for neuroendocrine tumors. No early predictors for treatment response have been recognized and tumor-shrinkage after radiation therapy appears slowly. In some solid tumors a decline in tumor perfusion was found predictive of final treatment response but the gold standard multiphase computed tomography (CT) has a high radiation burden. Therefore we evaluated the ability of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) to evaluate tumor perfusion as a response criteria. Materials and Methods: 14 patients with hepatic neuroendocrine tumor (NET) metastases were enrolled in the retrospective study. Eleven patients were treated with beta-emitting 177Lu/90Y-DOTATOC, either intravenous (i.v.) (n = 5) or intra-arterial (i.a.) (n = 6) and three patients received alpha-emitting 213Bi-DOTATOC (i.a.). CEUS and contrast-enhanced CT (CE-CT) were performed before and 3 months after treatment. Results: CE-CT and CEUS presented comparable results in the baseline study and in the assessment of perfusion changes due to the different treatment regimes. A therapy related decrease in tumor perfusion is an early predictor of longterm morphologic response. Conclusion: CEUS is a cheap, ubiquitary available and radiation free technique which showed comparable results for perfusion and diameter of liver metastases compared to CE-CT. Intensity reduction in an arterial phase CEUS can be seen as a positive sign indicating long term tumor response to treatment. Therefore CEUS may be considered as an imaging modality for monitoring early treatment after focal alpha and beta targeted therapy.|
|JRC Directorate:||Nuclear Safety and Security|
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