Title: PWR Medium Break LOCA source term analysis using ASTEC code
Citation: PROGRESS IN NUCLEAR ENERGY vol. 81 no. May 2015 p. 30-42
Publication Year: 2015
JRC N°: JRC84673
ISSN: 0149-1970
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0149197015000049
DOI: 10.1016/j.pnucene.2015.01.001
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: During a hypothetical severe accident in a nuclear reactor most of the readioactivity would be released from the damaged core and the broken primary circuit in form of aerosols and chemical vapours and gases. However the radio-toxicity of released materials depends both on the released mass and on the chemical form as well. The fission products release and transport in the circuit has been analysed for a Medium Break cold leg Loss Of Coolant Accident (MBLOCA) combined with the total loss of electric power supply (Station Black Out) for a reference PWR 1000 reactor using the severe accident integral code ASTECV1.2 rev2. A detailed description of the reactor model is given. Sensitivity analyses were performed in terms of break location and accumulator availability. The break location has an impact on the carrier gas temperature an in turn on the chemical speciation of the fission products. Also retention is influenced by the different flow pathways establishing in the circuit.The accumulator availability extends teh duration of the core degradation process affecting the total production of hyrogen and the cumulated released mass of low, semi and highly volatile fission products. In agreement with the ASTEC equilibrium chemistry model, the Mo/Cs (Rb) molar ratio has the most influence on the fraction of Iodine which can reach the containment in the gaseous or highly volatile form. Due to the surplusof Cs, the predicted dominant Iodine species to the containment are CsI and its dimmer. A 3-4% of Iodine which reaches the break exists in gaseous (HI) and highly volatile metal-iodides (I2MoO2, SnI2, SnI4) species.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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