Title: Image Quality Assessment for Fake Biometric Detection: Application to Iris, Fingerprint and Face Recognition
Citation: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING vol. 23 no. 2 p. 710-724
Publication Year: 2014
JRC N°: JRC85997
ISSN: 1057-7149
URI: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=6671991
DOI: 10.1109/TIP.2013.2292332
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: To ensure the actual presence of a real legitimate trait in contrast to a fake self-manufactured synthetic or reconstructed sample, is a significant problem in biometric authentication, which requires the development of new and efficient protection measures. In this work we present a novel software-based fake detection method which can be used in multiple biometric systems to detect different types of fraudulent access attempts. The objective of the proposed system is to enhance the security of biometric recognition frameworks, by adding liveness assessment in a fast, user-friendly and non-intrusive manner, through the use of Image Quality Assessment (IQA). The proposed approach presents a very low degree of complexity which makes it suitable for real-time applications, using 25 general image quality features extracted from one image (i.e., the same acquired for authentication purposes) to distinguish between legitimate and impostor samples. The experimental results, obtained on publicly available datasets of fingerprint, iris and 2-D face, show that the proposed method is highly competitive compared to other state-of-the-art approaches and that the analysis of the general image quality of real biometric samples reveals highly valuable information that may be very efficiently used to discriminate them from fake traits.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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