Title: Sequencing and comparison of the mitochondrial COI gene from isolates of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi belonging to Gigasporaceae and Glomeraceae families
Authors: BORRIELLO RobertoBIANCIOTTO ValeriaORGIAZZI ALBERTOLUMINI EricaBERGERO Roberta
Citation: MOLECULAR PHYLOGENETICS AND EVOLUTION vol. 75 p. 1-10
Publisher: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Publication Year: 2014
JRC N°: JRC86044
ISSN: 1055-7903
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1055790314000633
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC86044
DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.02.012
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are well known for their ecological importance and their positive influence on plants. The genetics and phylogeny of this group of fungi have long been debated because of their particular biological features. Nuclear markers are the main tools used for phylogenetic analyses, but they have sometimes proved difficult to use because of their extreme variability. Therefore, the attention of researchers has been moving towards other genomic markers, in particular those from the mitochondrial DNA. In this study, 46 sequences of different AMF isolates belonging two main clades Gigasporaceae and Glomeraceae have been generated from the mitochondrial gene coding for the Cytochrome c Oxidase I (COI), representing the largest dataset to date of AMF COI sequences. A very low level of divergence was recorded in the COI sequences from the Gigasporaceae, which could reflect either a slow rate of evolution or a more recent evolutionary divergence of this group. On the other hand, the COI sequence divergence between Gigasporaceae and Glomeraceae was high, with synonymous divergence reaching saturated levels. The obtained COI dataset showed the difficulty, even at mtDNA level, in developing valuable markers able to perfectly distinguish all Glomeromycota species, especially those belonging to Gigasporaceae, yet it represents a first step towards the development of a full mtDNA-based dataset which can be used for further phylogenetic investigations of this fungal phylum.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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