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|Title:||Carbon nanotubes: potential medical applications and safety concerns|
|Authors:||AMENTA VALERIA; ASCHBERGER KARIN|
|Citation:||WILEY INTERDISCIPLINARY REVIEWS-NANOMEDICINE AND NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY vol. 7 no. 3 p. 371–386|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have unique atomic structure, as well as outstanding thermal, mechanical and electronic properties, making them extremely attractive materials for several different applications. Many research groups are focusing on biomedical applications of carbon-based nanomaterials, however the application of CNTs to the biomedical field is not developing as fast as in other areas. While CNTs-based products are already being used in textiles, polymer matrices to strengthen materials, sports articles, microelectronics, energy storage, etc., medicinal products and medical devices for in vivo application based on CNTs have not been commercialized yet. However, CNTs for biomedical application, i.e. CNTs conjugated to siRNA for cancer therapy, or CNTs for imaging of colorectal cancer and many other products may enter clinical trials in the next years. Concerns related to the toxicity of CNTs must be overcome in order to have these products commercialized in a near future. This paper reviews emerging biomedical applications of carbon nanotubes, specifically for therapy. It also deals with challenges associated with possible medical applications of CNTs, such as their not fully understood toxicological profile in the human body.|
|JRC Directorate:||Institute for Health and Consumer Protection Historical Collection|
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