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|Title:||Rapid tests for diagnosis of leptospirosis: current tools and emerging technologies|
|Authors:||PICARDEAU Mathieu; BERTHERAT Eric; JANCLOES Michel; SKOULOUDIS Andreas; DURSKI Kara; HARTSKEERL Rudy A.|
|Citation:||DIAGNOSTIC MICROBIOLOGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASE vol. 78 no. 1 p. 1-8|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Leptospirosis is an emerging zoonosis with a worldwide distribution but is more commonly found in impoverished populations in developing countries and tropical regions with frequent flooding. The rapid detection of leptospirosis is a critical step to effectively manage the disease and to control outbreaks in both human and animal populations. Therefore, there is a need for accurate and rapid diagnostic tests and appropriate surveillance and alert systems to identify outbreaks. This review describes current in-house methods and commercialized tests for the rapid diagnosis of acute leptospirosis. It focuses on diagnostic tests that can be performed with minimal training and limited equipment in less-developed and newly industrialized countries, particularly in resource-limited settings and with results in minutes to less than 4 hours. We also describe recent technological advances in the field of diagnostic tests that could allow for the development of innovative rapid tests in the near future.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
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