Title: Rapid tests for diagnosis of leptospirosis: current tools and emerging technologies
Authors: PICARDEAU MathieuBERTHERAT EricJANCLOES MichelSKOULOUDIS AndreasDURSKI KaraHARTSKEERL Rudy A.
Citation: DIAGNOSTIC MICROBIOLOGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASE vol. 78 no. 1 p. 1-8
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Publication Year: 2014
JRC N°: JRC86662
ISSN: 0732-8893
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0732889313005336
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC86662
DOI: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2013.09.012
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Leptospirosis is an emerging zoonosis with a worldwide distribution but is more commonly found in impoverished populations in developing countries and tropical regions with frequent flooding. The rapid detection of leptospirosis is a critical step to effectively manage the disease and to control outbreaks in both human and animal populations. Therefore, there is a need for accurate and rapid diagnostic tests and appropriate surveillance and alert systems to identify outbreaks. This review describes current in-house methods and commercialized tests for the rapid diagnosis of acute leptospirosis. It focuses on diagnostic tests that can be performed with minimal training and limited equipment in less-developed and newly industrialized countries, particularly in resource-limited settings and with results in minutes to less than 4 hours. We also describe recent technological advances in the field of diagnostic tests that could allow for the development of innovative rapid tests in the near future.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


Items in repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.