Title: Gadoid dynamics: differing perceptions when contrasting stock vs. population trends and its implications to management
Citation: ICES JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE vol. 71 no. 6 p. 1433–1442
Publication Year: 2014
JRC N°: JRC86727
ISSN: 1054-3139
URI: http://icesjms.oxfordjournals.org/content/71/6/1433
DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsu075
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Recent research suggests that ICES stock definitions for cod, haddock, and whiting of “west of Scotland” and “North Sea”, do not reflect underlying population structures. As population responses to different vital rates and local pressures would be expected to lead to asynchrony in dynamics,we examined trends in local spawning-stock biomass (SSB) among putative subpopulations of the three species. Delineation of subpopulation boundaries around spawning time was made based on genetic, tagging, and otolith microchemistry studies together with density distributions of species based on research vessel survey data. Subpopulation specific indices of SSB were derived using numbers-at-age and maturity observations from the same research vessel data and asynchrony was assessed by fitting a smoother to log SSB for each subpopulation and testing whether the smooths were parallel. Results for cod support the hypothesis of distinct inshore and larger offshore subpopulations and for whiting for northern and southern North Sea subpopulations with a boundary associated with the 50 m depth contour. In haddock, no difference in SSB trends between the North Sea and west of Scotland was found. For cod and whiting, subpopulation SSB trends differed substantially within current stock assessment units, implying reported stock-based SSB time-series have masked underlying subpopulation trends.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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