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|Title:||Characterization of a cubic EJ-309 liquid scintillator detector|
|Authors:||TOMANIN ALICE; PAEPEN Jan; SCHILLEBEECKX Peter; WYNANTS Ruud; NOLTE R.; LAVIETES Antony|
|Citation:||NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION A-ACCELERATORS SPECTROMETERS DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT vol. 756 p. 45-54|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||A cubic EJ-309 liquid scintillator of 10 cm width has been characterized for its response to gamma-rays and neutrons. Response functions to gamma-rays were measured with calibrated radionuclide gamma-ray sources in the energy range from 400 keV to 6 MeV. Response functions for neutrons were obtained from measurements at the PTB Van der Graaff accelerator with quasi-monoenergetic neutron beams in the energy range from 500 keV to 2.7 MeV, and at the PTB cyclotron with time-of-flight (TOF) measurements in the energy range from 2.5 to 14 MeV. The light output and resolution functions for electrons and protons were derived by a least squares adjustment to experimental data using theoretical response functions determined with Monte Carlo simulations. The simulated response function for neutron was validated by results of measurements with an AmBe neutron source which was characterized for its total neutron intensity. The results indicate that the cubic EJ-309 detector is suitable for use in mixed gamma-ray and neutron fields.|
|JRC Directorate:||Health, Consumers and Reference Materials|
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