Title: Simulated accident testing of a fuel element from the HFR-EU1bis irradiation campaign
Citation: NUCLEAR ENGINEERING AND DESIGN vol. 271 p. 171-179
Publication Year: 2014
JRC N°: JRC87398
ISSN: 0029-5493
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0029549313006122
DOI: 10.1016/j.nucengdes.2013.11.028
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: The Cold Finger Apparatus (KühlFinger-Apparatur – KüFA) in operation at JRC-ITU is designed to experimentally examine the effects of Depressurizationand LOss of Forced Circulation (DLOFC) accident scenarios on irradiated High Temperature Reactor (HTR) fuel pebbles. While remaining under an inerthelium atmosphere, a HTR fuel pebble is subjected to heating schedules up to 1800◦C for several hundred hours. Fission gas release is monitored onlineduring the experiment and volatile fission products are collected on condensation plates made of stainless steel positioned above the fuel sample on a“cold finger”, which is water-cooled to approximately 100◦C. Analysis of the substances deposited on the plates by means of gamma spectroscopy providesinformation on the fission product release as a function of time and temperature.The most recent KüFA test was performed on a fuel element irradiated in the High Flux Reactor (HFR) in Petten in the HFR-EU1bis campaign.The condensation plates feature dose rates up to 80 mSv/h and the lab background levels to some hundred Sv/h. Thus, effective collimation andbackground shielding is mandatory in order to perform a quantitatively accurate analysis of the samples by means of gamma spectroscopy. Wepresent a detailed description of the experimental setup and the calibration procedure. The time-dependent fractional release of the volatile fissionproducts134Cs and137Cs is shown. The results for the most recently tested fuel pebble HFR-EU1bis/5 are compared to data obtained for other fuelelements.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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