Title: SYNTHESIS OF NANOSTRUCTURED FUELS: MIMICKING THE HIGH BURN-UP STRUCTURE
Authors: TYRPEKL VACLAVJOVANI ABRIL RaquelSPINO JOSE LUISHOLZHAEUSER Michael
Citation: Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering - ICONE22 p. Paper 30952
Publisher: ASME
Publication Year: 2014
JRC N°: JRC88684
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC88684
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: During its lifetime in the core of a nuclear reactor, the fuel undergoes significant changes in its physical, chemical and morphological characteristics. In outer regions of the fuel pellets so called "high burn-up" or "rim" structure is formed. In this region UO2 grains, with size about 10 μm in fresh dense fuel, are reorganized into a porous structure with grain size 0.1-0.3 μm and porosity fraction up to 20 %. The mechanical, thermal and fission product retention properties of the high burn-up structure have encouraged further interest and attempts to mimic this morphology in fresh fuel. The JRC-ITU has studied various techniques for synthesis of uranium and thorium dioxide in aqueous or nonaqueous media. Such nanoparticles can serve as starting material for production of material having similar characteristics as the high burn-up structure, as has been proved using Zr(Y)O2 nanoparticles. Recently, efforts have been focused on the compaction of the nanoparticle powders. A spark plasma sintering device (SPS, FCT Systeme GmbH) has been commissioned in the JRC-ITU and tested using various nonradioactive materials. The present study is oriented on pressing and sintering of Hf(Y)O2 and ZrO2 into nanostructured pellets. Final products have been characterized by optical and electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction and density measurements.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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