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|Title:||ESARDA Contributions to IAEA’s State Level Concept|
|Authors:||SEVINI Filippo; NIEMEYER Irmgard; VINCZE A.; VAN DER MEER Klaas|
|Citation:||Institute of Nuclear Materials Management, 55th Annual Meeting|
|Publisher:||Institute of Nuclear Materials Management|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||With the introduction of integrated safeguards, the IAEA started developing State-level approaches (SLA) considering the State as a whole. The State-level concept (SLC), aimed at implementing safeguards based on SLAs and annual implementation plans, is planned to be extended to all States with CSAs in the future. The SLC represents a fundamental change from the “bottom-up” SLA based on facility level approaches, to the “top-down” SLA focusing primarily on the State as a whole. The development of SLAs is based on the synergies among various sources of information provided to the IAEA by the Member States or gathered from other sources. The main sources are of course the countries declarations and the results of inspections. These are complemented by analyses and other inputs allowing to verify the declarations and derive conclusions on the absence of non-declared activities. Various aspects of the non-proliferation framework can also contribute to the State level Concept, such as export control, safeguards implementation concepts and experiences, and verification methodologies and technologies, as discussed within the European Safeguards Research & Development Association (ESARDA). The paper aims at reviewing their importance and relevance.|
|JRC Directorate:||Nuclear Safety and Security|
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