Title: Indicators to support the dynamic evaluation of air quality models
Authors: THUNIS PhilippeCLAPPIER Alain
Citation: ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT vol. 98 p. 402-409
Publication Year: 2014
JRC N°: JRC89204
ISSN: 1352-2310
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231014007092
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.09.016
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Air quality models are useful tools for the assessment and forecast of pollutant concentrations in the atmosphere. Most of the evaluation process relies on the “operational phase” or in other words the comparison of model results with available measurements which provides insight on the model capability to reproduce measured concentrations for a given application. But one of the key advantages of air quality models lies in their ability to assess the impact of precursor emission reductions on air quality levels. Models are then used in a dynamic mode (i.e. response to a change in a given model input data) for which evaluation of the model performances becomes a challenge. The objective of this work is to propose common indicators and diagrams to facilitate the understanding of model responses to emission changes when models are to be used for policy support. These indicators are shown to be useful to retrieve information on the magnitude of the locally produced impacts of emission reductions on concentrations with respect to the “external to the domain” contribution but also to identify, distinguish and quantify impacts arising from different factors (different precursors). In addition information about the robustness of the model results is provided. As such these indicators might reveal useful as first screening methodology to identify the feasibility of a given action as well as to prioritize the factors on which to act for an increased efficiency. Finally all indicators are made dimensionless to facilitate the comparison of results obtained with different models, different resolutions, or on different geographical areas.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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