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dc.contributor.authorDE WILD SCHOLTEN Mariskaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCASSAGNE Valericken_GB
dc.contributor.authorHULD Thomasen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-28T01:11:56Z-
dc.date.available2014-11-27en_GB
dc.date.available2014-11-28T01:11:56Z-
dc.date.created2014-11-12en_GB
dc.date.issued2014en_GB
dc.date.submitted2014-02-27en_GB
dc.identifier.citationProceedings of the 29th EUPVSEC p. 3421-3430en_GB
dc.identifier.isbn3-936338-34-5en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.eupvsec-proceedings.com/proceedings?paper=28188en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC89270-
dc.description.abstractThe 2011 world average carbon footprint of PV system manufacturing is estimated as 1798 kg CO2- eq/kWp using technology shares (multi, mono, film Si, CdTe, CIGS) as weighting factors. The electricity mixes of all production countries of poly-Si, wafer, cell and modules was taken into account. New yearly irradiation data (kWh/m2) and PV energy output (kWh/kWp) are calculated for different regions in Europe on NUTS level 1 and 2 for horizontal, optimum and vertical angle. The world average carbon footprint of PV electricity generation is estimated as 55 g CO2- eq/kWh with cumulative installations as weighting factors. Lowest value of 38 g CO2-eq/kWh is for Cyprus which has a high irradiation and the highest value of 89 g CO2-eq/kWh is for Iceland which has a low irradiation. It is assumed that the PV modules are installed at optimal angle to the sun and end-of-life treatment is excluded. The majority of countries can decrease the greenhouse gas emission of electricity generation by increasing the share of photovoltaics.en_GB
dc.description.sponsorshipJRC.F.7-Renewables and Energy Efficiencyen_GB
dc.format.mediumCD-ROMen_GB
dc.languageENGen_GB
dc.publisherWIPen_GB
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJRC89270en_GB
dc.titleSolar Resources and Carbon Footprint of Photovoltaic Power in Different Regions in Europeen_GB
dc.typeArticles in periodicals and booksen_GB
dc.identifier.doi10.4229/EUPVSEC20142014-5DV.3.46en_GB
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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