Title: Germination and Root Elongation Bioassays in Six Different Plant Species for Testing Ni Contamination in Soil
Authors: VISOLI GiovannaCONTI FedericaGARDI CiroMENTA Cristina
Citation: BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY vol. 92 no. 4 p. 490-496
Publisher: SPRINGER
Publication Year: 2014
JRC N°: JRC89471
ISSN: 0007-4861
URI: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00128-013-1166-5
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC89471
DOI: 10.1007/s00128-013-1166-5
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Abstract In vitro short-term chronic phytotoxicity germination and root elongation test were applied to test the effects of nickel (Ni) in seed germination and root elongation in six plants species: Cucumis sativus (Cucurbitaceae), Lepidium sativum and Brassica nigra (Brassicaceae), Trifolium alexandrinum and Medicago sativa (Fabaceae), Phacelia tanacetifolia (Boraginaceae). A naturally Ni rich soil was used to compare the results obtained. Unlike root elongation, germinationwas not affected by Ni in any of the six species tested. EC50 values, calculated on the root elongation, showed that Ni toxicity decreases in the following order: P. tanacetifolia[B. nigra[C. sativus[ L. sativum[M. sativa[T. alexandrinum. The test conducted using soil elutriate revealed a significantly lower effect in both seed germination and root elongation when compared to the results obtained using untreated soil. Conversely, the test performed on soil confirmed the high sensitivity of C. sativus, P. tanacetifolia and L. sativum to Ni.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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