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|Title:||Income Taxation, Transfers and Labour Supply at the Extensive Margin|
|Authors:||BENCZUR PETER; KATAY Gabor; KISS Aron; RACZ Oliver|
|Citation:||Banque de France Working paper series vol. 487 p. 1-27|
|Publisher:||Banque de France|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||This paper estimates the effect of income taxation and transfers on labour supply at the extensive margin, i.e., the labour force participation. We extend existing structural form methodologies by considering the effect of both taxes and transfers. Non-labour income contains the (hypothetical) transfer amount someone gets when out of work, while the wage is replaced by the difference between net wages and the amount of lost transfers due to taking up a job (gains to work). To incorporate these components of the budget set, we employ a detailed tax-benefit model. Using data from the Hungarian Household Budget Survey (HKF), we find that participation probabilities are strongly influenced by transfers and the gains to work, particularly for low-skill groups and the elderly. Moreover, the same change in the net wage leads to a much larger change in the gains to work for low earners, making them even more responsive to wages and taxation. Overall, we find that a single equation can capture a large heterogeneity of individual responsiveness to taxes and transfers. Our parametric estimates can be readily utilized in welfare evaluations, or microsimulation analyses of tax and transfer reforms.|
|JRC Directorate:||Space, Security and Migration|
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