Title: Potential impacts on accessibility and consumer surplus of improvements of the European railway system
Citation: Transportation Research Procedia vol. 3 p. 319–328
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication Year: 2014
JRC N°: JRC90089
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352146514001756
DOI: 10.1016/j.trpro.2014.10.012
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: It is widely accepted that "transport infrastructure endowment influences competiveness of a Region; the provision of investment in transport infrastructure entails positive effects on productivity and growth, even if on the other side, heavy infrastructures (as railway lines) could affect negatively on the environment" (5th Cohesion Report, 2010). This article aims to explore the potential impact of improvements of the passenger rail network in order to evaluate how these could potentially increase accessibility and consumer surplus in EU regions; it summarizes the results of the model simulations carried out with a combination of the TRANSTOOLS rail network and the assignment module of Traffic Analyst. Four different scenarios are tested: two scenarios simulating increases of all speeds to 90 km/h and 200 km/h, one scenario assuming a decrease to 45 km/h and the last one hypothesizing to increase train frequencies by 20%. The post-processing analysis is carried out with utilities developed in Matlab, while the results for each zone (at NUTS3 level) are also reported in easy-to-read ArcGIS maps. The outcomes provide insight into how the demand for passenger rail transport would react and where the higher benefits and costs, in terms of accessibility and consumer surplus gains, can be expected. This information, in turn, can be useful for the prioritization of investment needs and the identification of parts of the rail passenger market where new demand may be generated.
JRC Directorate:Growth and Innovation

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