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|Title:||Interlaboratory indoor ageing of roll-to-roll and spin coated organic photovoltaic devices: Testing the ISOS tests|
|Authors:||GEVORGYAN Suren; CORAZZA Michael; MADSEN Morten V.; BARDIZZA GIORGIO; POZZA ALBERTO; MUELLEJANS Harald; BLAKESLEY James C.; DIBB George F.a.; CASTRO Fernando A.; TRIGO Juan F.; GUILLÉN Cecilia; HERRERO Jose; MORVILLO Pasquale; MAGLIONE Maria G.; MINARINI Carla; ROCA Francesco; CROS Stéphane; SERAINE Caroline; LAW Chun H.; TULADHAR Pabitra S.; DURRANT James R; KREBS Frederik C.|
|Citation:||POLYMER DEGRADATION AND STABILITY vol. 109 no. November 2014 p. 162-170|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCI LTD|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The inter-comparability of the stability measurements of organic photovoltaic (OPV) technologies in dark is addressed. Four primary factors that affect the reproducibility of the ageing rate determination and inter-comparison are discussed: production/encapsulation of the samples, current-voltage (IV) characterization, testing conditions for ageing and lifetime determination from a decay curve. Results of inter-laboratory ageing studies of roll-to-roll and spin coated samples with correspondingly flexible plastic packaging and glass encapsulation tested under dark test conditions among 7 laboratories are presented. ISOS test conditions, proposed recently as guiding protocols for testing OPV stability, are applied in the study. The reproducibility of the performance versus the production and encapsulation techniques is firstly studied. The results reveal a significant improvement in the reproducibility when going from manual spin coating to roll-to-roll production. Furthermore, the reproducibility of current-voltage (IV) measurement and preconditioning (light soaking treatments) are addressed. Additionally, the inter-comparison of the degradation rates of the samples tested under three different dark test conditions (ambient, dry/heat, damp heat) reported by different groups are analyzed revealing a reasonable agreement on the degradation rates of the stability curves for each test condition. Finally, a logarithmic diagram for OPV lifetime associated with common time units is proposed that allows conveniently categorizing and intercomparing the stability performance of different samples tested under different test conditions.|
|JRC Directorate:||Energy, Transport and Climate|
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