Title: Structural investigation of uranium-neptunium mixed oxides using XRD, XANES, and 17O MAS NMR
Authors: MARTEL LAURAVIGIER JEAN-FRANCOISPRIEUR DAMIENSTOHR SarahGUIOT AntonyDARDENNE K.BOSHOVEN JacobusSOMERS Joseph
Citation: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C vol. 118 no. 48 p. 27640-27647
Publisher: AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Publication Year: 2014
JRC N°: JRC90552
ISSN: 1932-7447
URI: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/jp507088t
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC90552
DOI: 10.1021/jp507088t
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Uranium−neptunium mixed dioxides are considered as fuels and targets for the transmutation of the minor actinides in fast neutron reactors. Hereafter, a local and atomic scale structural analysis was performed on a series of U1−xNpxO2 (x = 0.01; 0.05; 0.20; 0.50; 0.75; 0.85) synthesized by the sol−gel external gelation method, for which longer range structural analysis indicates that the process yields solid solutions. The oxidation state of IV for uranium and neptunium cations was confirmed using U LIII and Np LIII edge X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES). The atomic scale structure was probed with 17O magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR) for the anion. Structural distortions due to the substitution of U by the smaller Np cation were detected by 17O MAS NMR.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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