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|Title:||Structural investigation of uranium-neptunium mixed oxides using XRD, XANES, and 17O MAS NMR|
|Authors:||MARTEL LAURA; VIGIER JEAN-FRANCOIS; PRIEUR DAMIEN; STOHR Sarah; GUIOT Antony; DARDENNE K.; BOSHOVEN Jacobus; SOMERS Joseph|
|Citation:||JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C vol. 118 no. 48 p. 27640-27647|
|Publisher:||AMER CHEMICAL SOC|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Uranium−neptunium mixed dioxides are considered as fuels and targets for the transmutation of the minor actinides in fast neutron reactors. Hereafter, a local and atomic scale structural analysis was performed on a series of U1−xNpxO2 (x = 0.01; 0.05; 0.20; 0.50; 0.75; 0.85) synthesized by the sol−gel external gelation method, for which longer range structural analysis indicates that the process yields solid solutions. The oxidation state of IV for uranium and neptunium cations was confirmed using U LIII and Np LIII edge X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES). The atomic scale structure was probed with 17O magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR) for the anion. Structural distortions due to the substitution of U by the smaller Np cation were detected by 17O MAS NMR.|
|JRC Directorate:||Nuclear Safety and Security|
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