Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Shortfalls and solutions for meeting national and global conservation area targets|
|Authors:||BUTCHART Stuart H. M.; CLARKE Martin; SMITH Bob; SYKES Rachel; SCHARLEMANN Jörn P. W.; HARFOOT Mike; BUCHANAN Graeme, M.; ANGULO Ariadne; BALMFORD Andrew; BERTZKY BASTIAN; BROOKS Thomas M.; CARPENTER, Kent E.; COMEROS Mia; CORNELL John; FICETOLA Francesco; FISHPOOL Lincoln D. C.; FULLER Richard F.; GELDMANN J; HARWELL Heather; HILTON-TAYLOR Craig; HOFFMANN Michael; JOOLIA Ackbar; JOPPA Lucas; KINGSTON Naomi; MAY Ian; MILAM Amy; POLIDORO Beth; RALPH Gina; RICHMAN Nadia; SEGAN Daniel B.; RONDININI Carlo; SKOLNIK Benjamin; SPALDING Mark; STUART Simon N.; SYMES Andy; TAYLOR Joseph; VISCONTI Piero; WATSON James; WOOD Louisa; BURGESS Neil D.|
|Citation:||CONSERVATION LETTERS vol. 8 no. 5 p. 329-337|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Governments have committed to conserving ≥17% of terrestrial and ≥10% of marine environments globally, especially “areas of particular importance for biodiversity” through “ecologically representative” Protected Area (PA) systems or other “area-based conservation measures”, while individual countries have committed to conserve 3–50% of their land area. We estimate that PAs currently cover 14.6% of terrestrial and 2.8% of marine extent, but 59–68% of ecoregions, 77–78% of important sites for biodiversity, and 57% of 25,380 species have inadequate coverage. The existing 19.7 million km2 terrestrial PA network needs only 3.3 million km2 to be added to achieve 17% terrestrial coverage. However, it would require nearly doubling to achieve, cost-efficiently, coverage targets for all countries, ecoregions, important sites, and species. Poorer countries have the largest relative shortfalls. Such extensive and rapid expansion of formal PAs is unlikely to be achievable. Greater focus is therefore needed on alternative approaches, including community- and privately managed sites and other effective area-based conservation measures.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Items in repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.