Title: Shortfalls and solutions for meeting national and global conservation area targets
Authors: BUTCHART Stuart H. M.CLARKE MartinSMITH BobSYKES RachelSCHARLEMANN Jörn P. W.HARFOOT MikeBUCHANAN Graeme, M.ANGULO AriadneBALMFORD AndrewBERTZKY BASTIANBROOKS Thomas M.CARPENTER, Kent E.COMEROS MiaCORNELL JohnFICETOLA FrancescoFISHPOOL Lincoln D. C.FULLER Richard F.GELDMANN JHARWELL HeatherHILTON-TAYLOR CraigHOFFMANN MichaelJOOLIA AckbarJOPPA LucasKINGSTON NaomiMAY IanMILAM AmyPOLIDORO BethRALPH GinaRICHMAN NadiaSEGAN Daniel B.RONDININI CarloSKOLNIK BenjaminSPALDING MarkSTUART Simon N.SYMES AndyTAYLOR JosephVISCONTI PieroWATSON JamesWOOD LouisaBURGESS Neil D.
Citation: CONSERVATION LETTERS vol. 8 no. 5 p. 329-337
Publisher: WILEY-BLACKWELL
Publication Year: 2015
JRC N°: JRC91026
ISSN: 1755-263X
URI: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/conl.12158/abstract
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC91026
DOI: 10.1111/conl.12158
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Governments have committed to conserving ≥17% of terrestrial and ≥10% of marine environments globally, especially “areas of particular importance for biodiversity” through “ecologically representative” Protected Area (PA) systems or other “area-based conservation measures”, while individual countries have committed to conserve 3–50% of their land area. We estimate that PAs currently cover 14.6% of terrestrial and 2.8% of marine extent, but 59–68% of ecoregions, 77–78% of important sites for biodiversity, and 57% of 25,380 species have inadequate coverage. The existing 19.7 million km2 terrestrial PA network needs only 3.3 million km2 to be added to achieve 17% terrestrial coverage. However, it would require nearly doubling to achieve, cost-efficiently, coverage targets for all countries, ecoregions, important sites, and species. Poorer countries have the largest relative shortfalls. Such extensive and rapid expansion of formal PAs is unlikely to be achievable. Greater focus is therefore needed on alternative approaches, including community- and privately managed sites and other effective area-based conservation measures.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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