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|Title:||Incorporation of Eu(III) into Hydrotalcite: A TRLFS and EXAFS Study|
|Authors:||STUMPF Th.; CURTIUS Hilde; WALTHER C.; DARDENNE K.; UFER K.; FANGHAENEL Thomas|
|Citation:||ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE \& TECHNOLOGY vol. 41 no. 7 p. 3186 - 3191|
|Publisher:||AMER CHEMICAL SOC|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The behavior of radionuclides in the environment (geo-, hydro-, and biosphere) is determined by interface reactions like adsorption, ion exchange, and incorporation processes. Presently, operational gross parameters for the distribution between solution and minerals are available. For predictive modeling of the radionuclide mobility in such systems, however, individual reactions and processes need to be localized, characterized, and quantified. A prerequisite for localization and clarification of the concerned processes is the use of modern advanced analytical and speciation methods, especially spectroscopy. In this study, Eu(III) was chosen as an analogue for trivalent actinides to identify the different species that occur by the Ln(III)/hydrotalcite interaction. Therefore, Eu(III) doped Mg-Al-Clhydrotalcite was synthesized and investigated by TRLFS, EXAFS, and XRD measurements. Two different Eu/hydrotalcite species were obtained. The minor part of the lanthanide is found to be inner-sphere sorbed onto the mineral surface, while the dominating Eu/hydrotalcite species consists of Eu(III) that is incorporated into the hydrotalcite lattice. Both Eu/hydrotalcite species have been characterized by their fluorescence emission spectra and lifetimes. Structural parameters of the incorporated Eu(III) species determined by EXAFS indicate a coordination number of 6.6 ( 1.3 and distances of 2.41 ( 0.02 Å for the first Eu-OH shell.|
|JRC Directorate:||Nuclear Safety and Security|
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